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    快意AG太空漫游【jlm163.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。吴忠暮镣航天信息有限公司(原定西谢亲新能源有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积74697平方米,澳门会网站其中生产厂房占地8401平方米,仓库面积占地0983平方米。固定资产3041万元,流动资产8347万元,干部职工共754人,工程技术人员64人。快意AG太空漫游ByLiaoYingminRenXingzhou,InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo109,(1)TherealestatemarketbottomsoutFromJanuarytoAugust2009,theareaofnationwidesoldnewly-builtcommercialhousingwas494,160,000m2,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,%,theareaofnationwidesoldcommercialhousingofthefirstquarterwas113,000,000m2,%lativelywell,whichshowspartofac,however,thecommercialhousingtransactionamountsawaparoxysmalincrease,andthetransactionamountofsomelarge-sizedandmedium-sizedhouseswithrelativelyhightotalpriceincreasedrapidly,,000,000m2(thatofJunewas94,650,000m2),(Table1).Atthesametime,ndShanghaiincreasedrespectivelyby186%and187%overthepreviousyear,higherthantheleveloftheyear2008;,especiallyinSeptember,housingtransactionamountofsomebigcitieslikeBeijingandShanghaidecreasedasdeflationpolicylikehighRegions(2009)ByLiuYunzhong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRC,PanWenxuan,ResearchInstituteforScienceofMinistryofFinanceResearchReportNo63,2010Differentnaturalconditionsanddifferentlevelsofeconomicde,developedregionshaveafairlyhighleveloffiscalresources;withscarcetaxsources,ifferenceinthetype,,,publichealth,lopment,astrikinghorizontalfiscalimbalanceandlresourcesbetweendifferentregionssothattheregionswitharelativelylowlevelofeconomicdevelopmentandrelativelylesstaxsourcescanprovffiscalresources,basicpublicservicesFiscalTransferPaymentSystemChinascurrentfiscaltransferpaymentsy,Chinabegantodrawoninternationalexperienceandintroducedforthefirsttimeinhistoryaformularizedtransitionalmethodfortransferpayment,,andalso,Chinahadpreliminarilyfor:taxrefund,,ferpayment,,,therefore,thispapershallregardtaxrefundalsoasatypeofcentral-to-regionaltransferpaymentandplacnsitionalperiod,thesubsidyundertheformersystem,,transferpaym,thefiscaltransferpaymentsystemunderwentaseriesofadjustmentstodealwithvariousissuesarisingfrompracticaloperations,(1)Transferpaymentforwageadjustmentwasintroducedin1999toofferpropersubsidytooldindustrialbasesaswellastocentralandwesternregions.(2)Transferpaymentforethnicregionswasintroducedin2000.(3)Transferpaymentforruraltaxandfeereformwasintroducedin2001toensurethenormaloperationofruralgrassrootsorganizationsandtheissuanceofwagesforruralprimaryandsecondaryschoolteachers.(4)Aftertheincometaxrevenuesharingwasintroducedin2002,,theincreasedcentralrevenuearisingfromreformswasmergedwiththdinreferencetotheinter-regionalgapinregionalstandardfiscalrevenueandexpewouldreceive.(5)Inlightofthefiscaldifficultyatthecountyandtownshiplevels,thecentralfinanceestablishedaspecialtransferpaymentin2005tohelpeasetheirfiscaldifficulty.(6)Inordertonarrowtheinter-regionalgapinfiscalresources,graduallyequalizebasicpublicservicesandensurethesmoothimplementationofthenationalpolicyonmainfunctionalareas,thecentralfinancein2008furtherimprovedthemethodtocalculatethecentral-to-regionalgeneraltransferpayment.(7)Thecentralfinancein2009turnedtheformergeneraltransferpaymentintoabalancingtransferpaymentandtheformerfiscaltransferpaymentintoageneraltransferpayment,andincludedtheexpendituresoneducation,socialsecurityandemployment,publicsecurityandgeneralpublicservices,whosesubsidieswererelativelystableandwereformerlyincludedinthespecialtransferpayment,,Chinascentral-to-regionalfiscaltransferpaymentconsistedofthreemainitems:taxrefund,erentimpactontheequalizationoffiscalresources.。

    ZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchReportNo50,2008Withtheconstantincreaseofincomesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheimprovementoftheirconsumptionlevel,thenumberofwastematerials,suchasscrappedcars,wastehardware,worn-outelectricandelectronicproducts,wastepaper,wasteplastic,,beingreclaimedandprocessed,canbereusedorrecycled,whichprovidesamaterialbaseforthedevelopmentofChina,categorization,circulationandprocessingofthewastematerials1,thispaperhassummarizedthepresentdevelopmentofChinasrenewableresourcesindustryandanalyzedtheexistingproblemswithaviewonlayingafoundationfortheformulationofrelevantpolicies.sRenewableResourcesIndustryThepercapitapossessionofmajornaturalresourcesinChinaislowerthantheworldaverage,andthecontraechoiceforrealizingthesustainabledevelopmentofChineseeconomy."Repairandutilizeoldordiscardedthingsandletallthingsservetheirproperpurpose"isafinetraditionoftheChineseworkingpeople,animportantwaytoenhancetheefficientutilizationofresources,aswellasaculturalbaseforthedevelopmentoftherenewableresourcesindustry.1.DevelopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryisjustbeginningtotakeshapeIngeneral,over30yearsofreformandopeningup,withtheconstantimprovementofsocialistmarketeconomy,Chinasrenewableresourcesindustryhasgraduallyexpanded,regionaldistributionmarketshavebeguntotakeshapeandthetechnicalcompetencehasbeenincreased.ThewastereclamationsystemhasRepublicofChina,companiesatvariouslevelsforreclaimingvariouskindsofmaterials(includingretrievalofmetals)andcompaniesunderthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesforcollectingwastematerialsweresetupthroughoutthecountry,,withtheconstantimprovementofChinasmarketeconomy,thereclamationsystemsetupundertheplannedeconomyhasstartedtoshrinkowingtorepositionoftheredundantreclamationworkers,theworkersswitchtootherprofessionsorretirementoftheworkers;andinparticular,afterthecancellationofthematerialmanagementdepartments,thereclamationcompaniesunderthematerialmanagementdepartmentsandthesupplyandmarketingco,farmersenteringcitiesforemploymenthavebeenengagedingreatnumbersinthewastesreclamationsector,andtheprofit-orientedpublicwastesreclamationsystemaimedmainlyatenterprisesorin,000tonsofwastealuminum,400,000tonsofscrapcopperandalmost300,000tonsofleadscdafoundationforthedevelopmentofChina,withthewideningincomegapbetweenurbanandruralresidents,especiallytheupdatingofthedailynecessitiesoftheurbanresidents,someoftheproductsthatfallintodisusearelittleusedorevencompletelyunusedandcanbeutilizedagain,thusbringingaboutthecirculationofthesecondhandgoodsfrombigcitiestomedium-sizedandsmallcitiesandthentoruralareas,whichcanbefeltbytheexistenceofwastereclaiming,,assupplyofresourcesinChinahasbecometight,importofwastemat,insuchcoastalareasasGuangdong,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandTianjin,importingandunravelingscrapmetalshasgraduallydevelopedintoanindustryonalargescale;provinceslikeShangdongandHebeiarealsoregsHunanProvince,therenewableresourcesindustryhasdevelopedintoasectorwithdistinctivecharacters.Thetechnicalcompofagreatmanysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whicharemainlysmallworkshopsorinvolvedinmanualoperationswithrenewableresources,isonalowside,whereassomeenterprisesgrowinglargerandlargerhaveahighertechnicalcompetenceinprocessingandutilizingtherenewabler,jointlywithChineseandforeignscientificresearchinstitutes,theequipmentordevicessuitableforthetreatmentofChinaswastematsrenewableresourcesindustry.velopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryAccordingtorelevantstudies,duringtheTenthFive-yearPlanperiod,therenewableresourcesreclaimedinChinatotaledabout400milliontons,withtheaverageannualrecoveryreaching80milliontonsandtheaverageannualgrowthrateregisteringover12%.In2006,thereclaimedrenewableresourcesinChina,suchasscrapmetals,wasteplasticandwastepaper,,%Reclamationandimportofwast,ironandaluminumcannotberegenerated,thescrapiron,uppliesbutcanalsoreducethedamagestotheecosystemcausedbythedevelopmentofnaturalresourcesandcancutdownthepollutantemissions,soastoematerials,someplaceshavedevelopedintorelevantbasesfortheproductionofrawmaterials,suchasTaizhouofZhejiangProvince,TaicangofJiangsuProvince,QingyuanofGuangdongProvince,GuluoandYongxingofHunaetofsavingenergy,re,steelandaluminiumaswellaswasteplasticconsumeenergyinproductionandareenergy-carryingproducts;andtheycansaveenergy,,;and10,000tonsofwastepapercanbeusedtoproduce8,000tonsofpaperpulp,withathriftof30,000cubicmetersofwood,12,000tonsofstandardcoalequivalentand1millioncubicmetersofwaterandwithadischargeofmorethan900,,%;,%;,%(Seefollowingtablefordetails).ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,10-200米ByHanJun,CuiChuanyi,HeYupeng,QinZhongchunWangBinResearchReportNo105,idanceandservicetofarmer-workerstoworkinurbanareasandreasonablyguidefarmer-workworkinginurbanareasduringindustrializationupgradingbydevotingmajoreffortstodevelopingindustrialclusters,ructioninruralareas,facilitatetheshiftoflabor-intensiveindustriestocentralandwesternregions,promotestructuraladjustmentandindustrialupgradingamongtownshipenterprises,supportthegrowthofprocessingindustriesofagriculturalproducts,nurturenewsectorsofgrowthforruralserviceindustries,vigorouslydevelopleisureagriculture,ruraltourismandforesttourism,developruralrealestateandexpandspacefornon-agriculturalemploymeferentialmeasuresintermsofcredit,taxandlandtofarmer-workersforthemtostartbusinessesbackintheirhometownsandpromoteemploymentthroughbusinessstartuptobringalongtheshiftofrurallaborersandtoformasoundinteractionbetweenbo,simplifyexaminationandapprovalproceduresandprovide“one-stop-shop”servicestomakeitcometownsandusethefundsasloaninterestsubsidyforfarmer-workersdutilization,developtheconstructionofindustrialparksinlinewithlocalconditionedbythestateandlocalgovernmentstosupportthegrowthofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,non-publiceconomicserviceindustries,agriculturaldevelopment,processingindustriesofagriculturalproductsandhi-techenterprisesandcalloffbusinessadminister-workersStrengthengovernmentpublicemploymentinformationservices,advanceinformationlinkageamongpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsinvariousprovinces,municipalitiesandregionsandbetweenpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsininner-provincecities,countiesandtownships,strengthentheconstructionofinfrastructureforsocialsecurityandemploymentatgrassrootslevels,strengthentheconstructionofgovernmentpublicserviceinformationplatforms,enhancethegovernmentinformationreleasesystemonemploymentguidanceandguiderurallaborers,suchasemploymentguidance,skilltraining,servicesforbusinessstartup,protectionguidanceandeducationamongthechildren,nhancethecoordinationbetweengovernmentemploymentdepartmentsofplacestransmittingoracceptinglaborservicesandtoconductionwithallsectorsofthecommunitytojointlysetuppublicemploymentinformationserviceplatformsandprovidefarmer-workerswithemploymentserviceswiththeaidofmoderncommunication,eemploowardfarmer-workersPublicemploymentserviceagenciesatalllevelsshizetheexchangeandsharingofpublicemploymentserviceresources,towidenchannelsforfarmer-workerstofindjob,extendurbannetworkstowardtownshipsandadministrativevillagesandprovideemployingunitsandjob-matizationoflaborrecord,laborinspectionandmanagementoflabordisputemediationandarbitrationtoearnestlysafeguardfarmer-workersogiesChildrentoGotoSchoolandforFarmer-workerstoEnjoyMedicalCareandParticipateinSocialInsuranceandAcceleratetchildrentoreceivecompulsoryeducationAdheretotheprincipleofrelyingmainlyonpublicschoolsofplaceswheeivedbyfarmer-workerschildrenunderthepubliceducationsystemandrationallyplantheoverallarrangementsanddevelopmentoftheschoolsaccordingtothenumber,distributionandchangeoffarmer-workersdleandprimaryschoolstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtofarmer-workersnsinfullamounttopublicschoolstakinginfarmer-workerschildrenaccordineandadopteffectivemeasurestoimproveschoolconditionsinregionswherealargenumberoffarmer-workersareacceptedandeducationalresourcesareinsufficientandtheCentralTreasurywillrewardthoseprovfferedtoschoolsundercivilianauspicesthathavebeenentrustedbythegovernmentstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrants,financialsubsidieswillbeaddedtothepublicfundsofschoolsaccordingtothenumberofschoolstudentsandstudentsofschoolsundercivilianauspiceswillbeexemptedfrommiscellaneousfeesaccordingtothestandardratesforndschoolandresolutelycorrectsuchdiscriminatorypracticesascollectionofvarioussortsoffeesincludingtemporaryschoolingfeeandsponsorshipfromchildrenoffarmer-workers,soastoenabletheoverwhelmingmajorityoffarmer-workersmakeexplorationsaccordingtolocalconditionsintothecontinuouseducationtobeprovidedtofarmer-workersforhighschoolsandincollegeentranceexaminations,probeintomeasurestoseparatetheschoolrollfromthehouseholdregisterandletthechildrenoffarmer-workershavetherightstositforentranceexaminati,setupthetransferpaymentandsubsidysystemforprovidingcompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrantfarmer-workers,graduallyincreasesubsidiesprovidedbytheCentralTreasurytochildrenofmigrantsfortheireducation,stepuptheproportionoftheinvestmentfromtheCentralTreasuryincompulsoryeducationandconsolidatethesupporttoschoolsa,specifyresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsincompulsoryeducation,listthecompulsoryeducationfundsformigrantsincludingfarmer-workerschildrenasthebudgetaryeducationfundsofplaceswheremigrantsstay,appropriatepubliceducationfundsonanaveragebasistoschoolsaccordingtotheactualnumberofschoolstudentsandsetupthefundraisingandguaranteeingmechanismofcompulsoryeducationatroot.。

    波音城手机在线——Analysisofeconomicperformanceinthefirstquarterof2010andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisoftheEconomicPerformanceDuringthefirstquarterof2010,Chinaseco,newcircumstancesandissues,suchasthedeclineoftheinvestmentgrowth,theshrinkageoftradesurplusandtheexpansionofemploymentdifficulties,tuations,thepressureofdownturnfacingthee,theas,themacroeconomicpoliciesneedtokeepabalancebetweenmaintainingthesoundandrapiddevelopmentoftheeconomyandguardingagainstpricebubbleandrestraininginflationandthepoliciesshouldbeadjustedattherighttimei,thestructuraladjustmentandthetransformationofthemodeofdevelopmentsoastolayagoodicultiesHaveFar-reachingInfluenceDuetotheimprovedexternalenvironment,exportgrowthhasreachedahighlevel,domesticconsumptiondemandhasgrownsteadily,plusthelowerbaseforthesameperiodof2009,theeconom,investmentgrowthhasdeclinedsubstantially,tradesurplushasfurthershrunkandthep,theemploymentdifficultieshaveshownthechangeoftendenciesinChinaslaborsupply-and-demandsituati010,%,(%).DuringJanuaryandFebruary,urbanfixedassetinvestment,afterallowingfortheriseoftheproducerspricesofmeansofproduction,%,(%).Thesubstantialdeclineoftheinvestmentgrowthismainlymanifestedbythedecreasi,investmentinprojectsoftheCentralGovernmentandofthelocalgovernmentsgrewby14%%respectively,%,,especiallyfromtheprivatesectoroftheeconomy(investmentfromnon-stateunitsexcludesthatfromHongKong,Macao,TaiwanandForeigninvestors),investme%%respectively,beenthemainreasonforthed,stimulatedbytheexpansivefinancialandmonetarypolicies,,%%.Affectedbythis,%%.InFebruaryof2010,,%,stimulusofthepoliciestoinvestmentgraduallyfadedaway,withtheinvestmentgrowthdecliningtotheaverageof2007and2008(%).d,overthefirsttwomonthsof2010China%.TheeconomyoftheUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapanbegantobecomestableandgo,importsoftheUnitedStates,%,%%respectivelyandJapansimportsincreasedto30%considerableincreaseofimportprices,%,theEuropeanUnionandJapan,theChineseeconomyrecoveredearlierandbyawidemarginandChina,theaggregateimportvolume,imports%,%%,withtherecoveryofChineseandforeigneconomiesanddrivenbytherapidgrowthofdemand,pricesofprimarycommoditiesontheinternationalmarketrosebyawidemarginonceagain,andpricesofChina,pricesofallimportsandthe%,%%a,China%inJanuaryandFebruaryof2010fromayearearlier,,China%,,,,,especiallytheriseofimportpricesofprimarycommodities,e,uncertaintyexistsintherapidgrowthofChinaoveupChinasstocklevels,,growthoftheimportsof“re-stocking”.ConsumptionandinvestmentdemandintheUnitedStates,,thedemandfor“re-stocking”willreducerapidlyandthegrowthofChina,ordersreceivedbyChineseexportenterprisesaremainlyshort-termandemergentorders,suggestingthatuncertaintyexistsinthestrongreboundoftheexportgrowthandtheincreaseofexternaldemand.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment.ByZhangYongwei,GeneralOffice,theDRCResearchReportNo69,chnologicalbreakthroughs(1)Continuousbreakthroughshavebeenmadeintheconversionrate%shareofthephotovoltaicmarket,highercon,thec%%,thusreducingthecostofsolarcellsystemsby14%.Inthemeantime,thethicknessofsiliconwafershasreduceddrasticallyfrom300umto170umandtheconsumptionofsiliconmaterialshasdroppedsharplyfrom12kg//,thecostofsiliconmaterialshasfallenbyabout30%.Thelatestexperimentaldataindica%andth%.(2)Thin-filmcell,back-contactcell,concentratorsolarcell,automatic-trackingflatsolarcelltosensitivematerialonacheapglass,to180~200um,thethin-filmsolarcellisonlyseveralumthick,orjustabout1%//,theconversionrateofthin-filmsolarcellhasalsogoneupsharply,withtheconversionrateofcommercializedproductsreaching11%%.Tialization,withtheconversionratebeingabletoreach20%%.Thetechnologyofconcentratorsolarcellusesaconcentratortocondensesunlightfromafairlylargeareatoafairlysmallscopesoastoforma"focalspot"or"focalstrip".Placingasolarcellonthefocalspotorfocalstripcanincreasel,%.Althoughthistechnologyhastofurtherimproveitseconomicefficiencyandsolveotherproblems,un,itcanincreasethesystem’spowergenerationby20%~50%.Theautomatic-trackingflatsolarcellsystemcanveryliindustrializationAsaresultoftheco-actionoftechnologicaladvance,widerapplicationandfallingpricesofrawmaterials,thecost,thepriceofpolycrystallinesiliconwhichaccountsfornearly40%ofthetotalcostofphotovoltaiccomponentshasdroppedfrom250dollars/kgin2006to140dollars/kgin2008,~/,someauthoritativeinstitutionsintheworldareveryupbeataboutthefuturecostofphotovoltaicpowergeneration,~/,thecostofphotovoltaicpowergenera/"energy-consuming"or"high-polluting"industryPeopleoftendefinethephotovoltaicindustryasanenergy-consumingoneonthegroundthatrefiningonetonofpolycrystallinesiliconhastoconsume160,000kw/,theenergyconsumedfor10,000-yuancomponentoutputvalue(includingtherefiningofpolycrystallinesilicon)undertheexistingtechnologicalconditionsisabout900kw/ts,thephotovoltaicproductsareenergyproductsthatconsu,onekwofcrystallinecellsconsumeabout2,600kw/handcangenerate1,300kw/(theservicelifeisgenerallybelievedtobe25~30years),onekwcrystallinecellscanproducenetenergyforatleast18years,or23,400kw/,eveniftheoutputofthephotovoltaicindustrynationwidereaches30GMby2020,/%,theelectricpowerconsumptionbytheironandsteelindustryin2008wasabut394billionkw/h,%ofthecountry’stotalelectricpowerconsumption;theelectrolyticaluminumindustryconsumedover150billionkw/hofelectricpowerin2008,%ofthecountry’,itisunscientifictousetheenergyconsumptionforpertonofpolycrystallinesilicona,theenergy-consumingcrystallinesiliconenterprisamcrystallinesiliconenterprisesisbellow140,000kw/sumptionforpertonofpolycrystallinesilicon.快意AG太空漫游重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,——EvolutionLogicandChinasCountermeasuresintheCurrentWorldEconomicCycleByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DRCResearchReport001,ear,theWallStreetfinancialstormsweptacrossallfinancialmarketsaroundtheglobeandtri,thegoalsetattheconferen,andkeepstructuralpricerisesfromturningintooverallinflationInJuly2008,thecentralauthoritiesexplicitlypointedoutthattheprimarytaskformacro-regulationwastoensureasteadyandfairthedirectionofitsmacro-regulationsoswiftlyTnDividendsAcceleratedeconomicglobalizationoverthepastfiveyearsshouldbethestartingpointfor,economicglobalizationsurgedacrosstheworld,withtheglobaltradegrowingatanaverageannualrateof4%andtheratioofaverageglobaltradegrowthtoglobaloutputgrowthrisingfrom10%in1870to20%,globaltradegrewatanaverageannualrateof11%,itsratiotoglobaloutputrosefrom22%toabout42%,%for1870~1913,%s,nitedStates,Canada,scountriesfu,theeconomiesofChina,theformerSovietUnionandsomesocialistcountrie,thesecountriesswitchedtomarketeconomy,,China,IndiaandsomeAsiancountriesaloneaccountedforabouthalfof,theseco,,thedevelopedcountriesintheWestactivelypushedforwardglobaliza,thechangesinthesupplychainsandproductionpatternsenhancedlaborpro,~2002period,%%.Butduringthe2003~2007period,%.Whileeconomicgrowthbecamefaster,pricesbecamelower,%irst,thehighworldeconomicgrowthinthisroundofglobalizationwasmainlydrivenbyAsia,withChina,India,otherAsiancountr,theaverageeconomicgrowthwas8%forAsiaandonly3%fortherestoftheworld,,,itseconomicgrowthwasveryfast,but70%,theUnitedStatesfulfilledalargechunkofconsumptioninworlde,thesustainedhighgrowthoftheworldeconomymeantamarkedimprovementinthelivingstandardsofseveralbil,,wentuptwiceasmuchby2007,,whiletheUnitedStatesandotherdevelopedcountriesmaintainedahighgrowthinconsumption,thedeveatremendouspressureonthedemandforstapleproducts,,whicharosefromthedeepeningglobalizationandtherapidimprovementinthelivingstandardsofseveralbillionpeoplearoundtheworld,w,thepriceswouldnotcontinuetoriseiftheglobtheUnitedStatesattheendoflastyearToanswerthisquestion,weneedtoexaminetheotherendofcommodities–,,,thisroundofeconomicg,"fourlittledragons"and"fourlittletigers"andthepresentChina,,thesecountriesresortedtoarelativelyfixedexchange-ratesystemorthedollar-pegsysteminordertosupporttheirexportindustries,promote,thesecountries,drawingonthelessonsoftheAsianfinancialcrisis,,theAsiancountri,theyhadtofindoutle,thegrowthoftheirnationalcurrencies,aftertheirexportexchangeearningsweresettledbythecentralbanks,producedaheavypressureontheinvestmentdemandandonthepricesofgeneralgoodsandassets....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.——AnalysisofEconomicPerformanceintheFirstHalfof2010andProspectsfortheWholeYearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthefirsthalfof2010,,thepriceriseremainedatareasonablelevel,theriskofassetbubblewasreducedandtheeconomicperform,undertheimpactoftheEuropeansovereigndebtcrisis,therecoveryoftheworldeconomyhassloweddownanditislikelythatdomesticinvestmentcoul,inthelatterhalfoftheyear,themacro-controlpolicyshouldbefocusedonenforcingsteadymicro-adjustments,andtheorientationandflexibilityofthepolicyshouldbeenhancedonthebasisofmaintainingthesuccessesachievedinthefirsthalfoftheyearinpreventingthebubbleeconomyandholdingtheinflationinchecktoalleviatecontradictionsandrisksandtograduallyrealizethestabletransitionoftheeconomicpolicyfromacrisis-fightingonetoaconventionalone,soasincethebeginningof2010,withanumberofmacro-controlmeasuresbeingimplemented,thedynamicalstructurefortheeconomicgrowthhasbeenimproved,theriskofassetbubblehasbeenreducedconsiderablyandtheeconomicperformancehasonthewholepresentedapatternof"highgrowthandlowprices".alstageofcombatingthefinancialcrisis,,consumptionturninthepreviousyimulusplan,,thegovernment-ledinvestmentfellgraduallyandthemar,2009,ofthefixedassetinvestment,%,%%fromJanuarythroughMayof2009,%,theexportvalueallregisteredlessthan90billionUSdollarsineachmonth,withthegrowthdecliningbyanaccumulativetotalofmorethan20%.Nevertheless,exportvalu,,%fromayearago,and,positiveresultshavebeenachievedasaresultofthe,suchasautomobiles,homeelectricalappliancesandtourism,theconsumptiondemandhasshownasteadilygrowingmomentum,rketunveiledbytheStateCouncilhaveloomedupgradually,,thedecreaseeanegativeg,adjustmentshavebe%sincethebeginningoftheyearandtheShanghaiandShenzhen300hasdroppedbyanaccumulativetotalof29%.Theevaluationlevelonthestockmarketshasremained,growthofmoneycredithasbeencont,withtheresumptionoftheelasticitymechanismofexchangerates,thepressureofmoneyinputarisingfromfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangehasbeenalleviated,alsobeneficialtosomeextenttocontainingtheformationofthebubbleeconomy.Notes:①Theoutputvalueproportionsfor1985and1990werethoseofthepublicenterprises,theproportionsfor1995werethoseofthestate-ownedenterprisesasindependentaccountingunits,andtheproportionsfor2000and2006werethoseofthestate-ownedandstate-holdingenterprises.②Thetradedatafor1985,1990and1995weretheoutputvaluesoftheenterprisesabovethetownshiplevelasindependentaccountingunits,thedatafor2000werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandtheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscale,andthedatafor2006werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandthenon-state-ownedenterpriseswithcorebusinessrevenuebeingabove5millionyuan.③Therewererelativelyfewtradeswhosedatawereavailableforthetimebefore1990.④Thetradeswereallthosewithgrade-twocodes.○5The38tradesfor2006inclu:EstimatesweremadeaccordingtoChin:theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomycontinuedtofallandgraduallygotstabilizedFrom1993to2006,theoutputvalueofChinasenterprisesinthewholeindustrialsectorrosesharplyto34,(basedontheoutputvalueofallthestate-o).Duringthisperiod,thenumberofthestate-ownedenterprisesdroppedfrom105,000to25,000andtheircombinedoutputvaluerosefrom2,,,theirtot,,(thedatawithoutindicatingsourcearequotedfromChinaStatisticalYearbook).Thep,thest%to30%.,withitsshareoftotalindustrialemploymentdecliningfrom43%%(thefallforthewholeindustrialsectorwas17%).Butitsfiscal,%%,,theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomydroppedfrom50%toabout30%.Thenumberoftrades,wheretheoutputvalueproportionsofthestate-ownedenterpriseswerebelow50%,reached30,accountingfor70%omover50%tobelow50%duringthisperiod,10tradesdidsobefore1995,threedidsobefore2000andfivedidsoafter2000(Table2).Mostofthetradeswheretheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomyalreadydroppedbelow50%inthe1980snowseetheproportiondropbelow20%orevenbelow10%.Table2State-OwnedEconomysGDPProportions(%,2006)LongGuoqiangZhangLipingThisresearchgrouphasrecentlymadeanin-depthinvestigationof11multinationalRDinstitutionsbasedinBeijindtheirChina-basedRDactivitiessince2004andsomemajorpositivechangesaretakingplaceintheareasofscale,sgovernmentsatalllevelsshouldseizethistreeest,moreforeign-investedRDins,theearly100,,mitedtoadaptingtolocalcustomers;manyinstit,,thestatusofChina-baceovertheRDdir,lpersonnelfromabroadtoleadtheirRDactivities,butalsotrainedagreatnumberoflocalpersonnelthroug,tialtoBeTappedTheChina-basedRDactivitiesofmultinationalcompanieshavegreatlyelevatedChinaevelRDpersonnel,,multinationalRDinstit,ationalRDActivitiesInternationalexperienceindicatesthatmultinationalRDactivitiescanhavetechnologicalspillovertohostcountriesthroughthefollowingchannels:theleadingeffectonthetechnologicaldevelopmentofupstreamanddownstreamenterprises,thedemonstrationandcompetitioneffectonenterprisesinthesamesectors,andtheknowledgespillovereffectarisingfrompersonnelflow,,multi,andtrprisesandacademicinstitutionsarestillfew,multinationalcompanntriesThehigherthelevelofmultinationalRDactivitiesis,,thelevelsofmultinationalRDactivitiesinChinaare,thet,theRDactivit,thetop-levtriesintermsoflearningabilityandworkdiligence,,China,higherimporttariffsofRDequipmentandsamples,higherpersonalincometaxratesforRDpersonnelandinadequatefiscalsupportforforeign-investedRDactivities,ChinasRDcostisnotonlyhigherthaninIndiaandEastEurope,butalsoisclosetothe"fourlittledragons",somemultinationalcompaniesstillhavemisgivingsaboutChinaionalRDActivitiesOne,somedifferentialpoliciesdesignedtoencourageindigenousRDactivitieshaveweakenedutthedirectionofChina,theexistingpolicieshavemadeitdifficultforforeign-investedenterprisestoparticipateingovernmentrese,thehouseholdregisterandsocialsecuritysystemsregard,ChinastillhasnocompleteandsoundcustomsfacilitymeasuresforinternationalRDactivitiesandhascustomsbarrierstoRDequipmentandespeciallysecond-handtestequipment,alcompaniestorelocatehigherlevelsofRDactivitiestoChinaandtofurthertapthet,whichcanbrin,manycountrieshaveworked,Chinaenjoysadvantageinmarketscaleandpotential,,fiscalinput,,Chinashouldtapadvantagesandovercomedisadvantagesandworkhardtocreateaworld-rateenvironmentforRDinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ZhangYongsheng,,2007China,,theconsumerpriceindex(CPI)%,%higheryear-on-year,andthetradesurplusreachedarecordhighofUS$,%,theassetpricesonstockmarketandrealestatemarkethaverisenexcessivelyfast,theproblemofexcessliquidityhasbecomeevermoreprominent,theforeignexchangereservehasbeenverylargeandhasrepeatedlypostednewrecordhighs,andtheRMBhasfacedastrong,manypina,China,Chinamustfundamentallytransform,asfastaspossibleandattheminimumcost,itsimbalancedgrowthmodeintoabalancedone,,thequalityofitseconomicgrowthwillbesignificantlyimproved,sMacroeconomicProblemsThedirectcausesofChina,Chinahasforlongimplementedaseriesofpoliciesonexchangerate,foreigntrade,tariffandexportrebatetoencouragesbalanceofpayments,bothcurrentaccountandcapitalaccounthavepostedsurplus,andtradesurplushasbeenoneofthemaindrivingforcesforChina,thenetexportgrowthcontributedabout20%tothecountry"doublesurplus"inthebalanceofpaymentshasmadeitdifficultf,theassetpricesonthestockandrealestatemarketshavecontinuouslyrisen,theforeignexchangereservehasbecomeincreasinglylarger,uge"doublesurplus",,thefarthertheexchangerate,theamountofforeignexchangereserve,thebalanceofpaymentsandassetpriceswilldeviatefromtheirequilibriumlevels,,Chinais,atalargeextent,currentlyproducingaccordingtothedcturingsectorisfarhigherthanrequiredbytherealdomesticdemandandtheshareofthesexport-orientedstratilizingthecomparativeadvantageofcheaplabor,ChinasmanufacturingsectorandinparticulartheexportprocessingindustrywithsuppliedmaterialshaveplayedkeyrolesinturningChinaintoa"worldfactory".Ontheotherhand,theserviceindustryhasbeenvisiblyunderdeveloped,,ChinasimportdemandisunlikelytoriseconomicstructureremainsunchangedandifthenetexportfallsdrasticallyallofasuddenduetoasharpappreciationofRMBorotherreasons,thedomesticdemandwillbeunabletos,afallintheeconomicgrowthrate,cturewereoutofbalancewasboundtoinduceacoexistenceofdeflationandshortagesofgoodsorservices(theproductsofthemonopolisticsectorssuchaseducation,medicalcareandtransportationwillbeinshortsupply).emarketequilibriumlevel,,indeed,canincreasesomeimportsthroughmassprocurements,butthismovewillbegrosslyinadequatetoeaseChina,themodeofexport-orientedgrowthwasuniversallyadoptetandimportsubstitutionandusedtariff,sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization,Chinasfasteconevelopment,overemphasizingtheso-calledcomparativeadvantagesofteninducedthestatestouseexchangerate,foreigntrade,tariff,excessivelyl,thecomparativeadvantagesplayeda"self-fulfilling",someindustriesthatoriginallydidnothavecomparativeadvantagescametopossesstheso-calledcomparativeadvantageswhencomparedwithotherindustriesandassuchChinabecameacheap"worldfactoryofmanufacturedgoods".sin,wecanregardthemodeofgovernment-ledexport-orientedgrowthasamixtureofthemercantilisminthe16th~18thcenturiesandthestateinterventionismandplannedecon(orregions)inAsiathatadoptedthismodeofexport-orientedgrowthandscoredeconomictakeoffall(suchastheKoreanwonandJapaneseyen)thathadbeenundervaluedin,itisimp,,however,thecountryispassivelyhijackedbythisstraditiontopursuegovernment-ledeconomicdevelopmentforalongperiodofplannedeconomy,tseconomicdevelopmentstepsuptoanewstage,,themodeofeconomicdevelopmentChinahasadoptedsin,ChinamayrepeattheburstoftheJapanesebubbleeconomyanditseconomicdevelopmentmayexperiencemajorsetbacks.、快意AG太空漫游用户至上塞班岛sbd贵宾会MG宝石之轮Figure1EnergyConsumptionIntensitiesinVariousRegionsofChinain2006Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbook2007Ahorizontalcomparisonbetweendifferentregionsindicatesthatenergyintensityisaffectedbythreemainfactors:pricelevel,,themoredevelopedaregionaleconomyis,thehigheritspricele,aregionthathasahighproportionofhighenergy-c,aregionwitharelativelylowtechnologicallevelandalowefficiencthetotalamountofeconomicdevelopment,industrialstructureals,d,theenergyi,,,,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesFigure2illustratesthestructuresoftheprimary,,ShanghaiandTibet,allotherregionshadalargelyidenticalproportionofthetertiaryindustry,atabout38%.Butth,excludingBeijingandHainan,hadarelativelyhighproportionofindustry(%onaverage).Itwasfollowedbythenortheastregion(%onaverage),andthecentralandwestregionsexcludingTibet(%%).sAmongtheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,theindustria,differe,theeconomicsurveydataindicatethatin2004,theenergyconsumptionfor10,000-yuanoutputvaluebythesegmentofnon-metalmineralproducts(buildingmaterials,etc),whichwas32timesasmuchasthatofthesegmentofelectronicsandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturing().Therefore,eveniftworegionshaveasimilarstructureoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,theirenergyintensitiescanstillbeverydifferentiftheyhavedifferentstructuresofindustrialsegments.ByGaoShijiZhangYongwei,Departm,portfortheLeadingIndustriesthatCanPlay"DoubleStimulation"RolesAtatimewhenChinaseconomyisshowingadownturn,wemustintensifyalltypesofinvestmentstostabilizetheeconomyandidentifynewareasofeconomicgrow,nowunderthedualpressurefromreducedexternaldemandandrisingdomesticcost,,theseindustriescanhardlyassumethe"doublestimulation"responsibilityofstim"doublestimulation"goal,,,,they,theymustrelativelyadequateconditionsforindustrialdevelopmennthisroundofeconomicgrowthstimulation,weshallbeinapositiontocombinetheshort-termtargetsofeconomicgrowthwiththelong-termstructuralandtechnologicalupgradingandacce"DoubleStimulation"RolesChinaselectronicinformationindustry,withahugescaleandalongdomesticindustrialchain,hasmetthedemandofthepreviousroun,whileChinaselectronicinformationindustryisstillrelativelyweakatthekeylinksoftheindustrialchainandtheaddedvalueofitsproductsisnothigh,ithasasoundindusteglobalinformationindustry,itsownelectronicinformationindustrywillb,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryislargeinscalebutitsoveraludescomputers,communications,consumerelectronicsando,China%ofthecountry%ofthecountrysGDP,%ofthecountry,Chinastelevisionpossessionexceeded470millionsets,itsmobilephoneusersexceeded620millionpeople,itsfixedphoneusersexceeded350millionpeople,itsIntslargesttelevisionnetwork,thefixedcommunicationsnetworkandthemobilecommunicationsnetwork,andrankedfirstintheworldintermsof10end-productsincludingmobilephones,notebookcomputers,colortelevisionsets,digitalprogram-controlledswitchboardsanddigitalcamerasandintermsoftheproductionofcolorpicturetubes,capacities,resistors,printedcircuits,,,selectronicinfor,over80%ofthents,thehigh-endgeneralchipsandtheoperatingsystemsandinthefieldofsuper-largeintegratedcircuitmanufacturingequipmentandcompletetechnologies,Chinahasfailedtomaketechnologicalbreakthroughsformanyyearsandthereforehasbeselectronicinformationindustryhasalongindustrialchain,,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryhasrelativelygoodindustrialandtechnologicalbasisinthefieldofsomesystemproductsandisfacingamajorhistoricopportunitytomakeuiseseitherinthefieldofproducingandmakingcommunicationsequipment,consumerelectronics,computersandotherproductsorinthefieldofcommunicationsoperation,,inparticular,Chinastechnologicalcapacitiesareris/high-resolutiontelevisionearthstandardtechnologyindependentlydevelopedbyChinaisadvancedintheworld,andChinahasacompleteindustrialchainfromchipdes/high-resolutiontelevisionstandardsheldinSouthAmericain2008,comparedwiththeevaluationsgiventoEurope,theUnitedStatesandJapan,manyofChinasstan,the3Gsystemtechnology,TD-SCDMA,independentlydevelopedbyC,Chinascommunicationsequipmententerpriseshavebecomethsmobilephonetelevisionstandardsaregloballyadvancedint,Chinahasbuilttheworldslargestsecond-generationInternetconnectingover30citiesandhavingover1millionusers,ssuccessfuldevelopmentofthe"dragonchip"productsindicatesthatthecountryhasmadealeapfrogdevelopmentinthefieldofgenericCPUs,whichhavebeenpreli,Chinacanbecomeatechnologicalleaderandexporterinth,theelectronicinformationindustrycanra,theelectronicinformationindustryisfacinganewdevelopmentopportunityofdigital,mobile,y17,2009,andotherdevelopedcountrieswillalsocompletel,,theywillbringabouthugeinvestmentandstimulateconsumption....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HanJun,XuXiaoqing,owthpotentialisconsiderableIn2006whichwasthefirstyearofthe11thFive-YearPlan,%,,,China,,two-thirdsofChinasgrainoutputgrowthcanbeattributedtohigherunitoutput,asplayedanimportantroleinraisingunitoutput,theadvanceofagriculturalscienceandtechnologyandtheimprovementofinfrastructurehaveplayedvitalrolesinraisingChinasmodelongrainproductionhasalsoundergonemajorchanges,withtheuseofmanpower,animalpower,manureandothertraditionalfactorsassumingagrowinglylowerproportionandthepetroleum-relatedmodernfactorsgra,theintensifiedtransformationofthelow-andmiddle-yieldfarmlandcanincreasetheunitoutputby1,,China,ofwhichtwo-thirdswerelow-andmiddle-yield,,,thepestcontroltechnologies,thesoiltest-basedfertilizerapplication,thewater-savingirrigationtechnology,theprotectivefarmingtechnology,thedisasterpreventiontechnologyandtheagriculturalmechan,technologicaladvancecanincreaseChinasgrainunitoutputby17%,Chinasgraino-sufficientIntermsoftheaggregateamounts,graindemandisdetesinnearly20yearssince1990indicatesthatChinaspercapitagraindemand(includingsoybean)snaturalpopulationgrowthratehasfallensharply,%%,stayingatabout7millionayearforthepastfiveyears(2004~2008).Inthemeantime,Chinasgraindemandgrowthhasalsofallensharply,,Chinaspopulationtotaledabout1,,(includingsoybeans)in2008,Chinasgrainself-sufficiencywasabout93%.Infact,Chinasself-sufficiencyforthemaincerealssuchasrice,wheatandmaizewas100%,Chinaspopulationwillbeabout1,,China%grainself-sufficiency,,Chinaandthetotalpopulationisabout1,%grainself-sufficiency,sgraindemandindicatesthatthetotalgraindemandoftheurbanandruralpeoplewilldecreasegraduallyandthegrowthofgraindesgrainproductionandconsumption,thesituationinwhichgraindemand,Chinaswheatsupplyanddemandwi,isdifficulttostabilize,thetotal,thesupplywillbecometightevenifmaizeethanolprocessingiscontrolled,,Chinasgraintargetshouldrelyondomesticproduction,stabilizegrainself-sufficiencyatorabove95%,andensuresclearlymoreenthusiasticaboutgraingrowingThecontinuousharvestofgrainproductioncanbemainlyattributedtoahostofpoliciesinsupportofagricultureChinahasintroducedinrecentyears,,Chinabegantooffersubsidyfundsforimprovedseeds;in2004,Chinatookpartofthegrainriskfundasdirectsubsidiestothegrain-growingfarmersintheleadingproducingareas;in2005,Chinaintroducedtheminimumpurchasepricesystemforwheatandotherkeygrainvarieties;in2006,thecentralfinancebegantoofferintegrateddirectsubsidiesforagriculturalcapitalgoodstooffsettheimpactsofthesteepleriseinthepricesofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidesandatthesametimetooffersubsidiesforthepurchaseoffarmmachineryandgrantrewardsandsubs,Chinaabolishedtheagriculturaltaxacrossthecountryandcancelledmanytaxesandfeesforthefarmers,thusreduc,itintroducedtheminimumpurchasepricepolicyan,Chinaactivatedtheminimumpurchasepriceplanforricetwiceintheleadingrice-producingareasinthesouth,forround-grainedriceonceinHeilongjiangandJilin,,(excluding2009).In2004whenthestatewassettingthevarietiesentitledfortheminimumpurchaseprices,maize,,temporarypurchaseandstoragebecameanimportanastregioninthe2007~2008cropyear,itintroducedamasstemporarypurchaseandstorageprograminOctober2008inthemaize,soybeanandrice,,,porarypurchaseandstoragepolicy,Chinasgrainpriceshavebeenonasteadyrise,incomeandeffectivelystimulatedtheirgrain-growingenthusiasm....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORByLongGuoqiang,Re,2008Chinasprocessingtrade,whichwasinitiatedin1979,nowaccountsforhalfofthecountryngandupgradingofprocessingtrade,,itisofmajorpracticalsignificancetosummarizethehistoricalexperienceindevelopingprocessingtradeandtoconsiderthedirectionofandpolicyonthefuturerestructuringandupgradingofprocessingtradeatatisOpening-upStrategyAfterChinabeganreformandopeningup,itadjusteditseconomicdevelopmentstrategy,switchingfromthe"importsubstitution"strategyundertheplannedeconomytothestrategyof"combiningimportsubstitutionwithexportorientation".Inotherwords,thecapitalandtechnology-intensivesectorswouldcontinuetopursuetheimportsubstitutionstrategy,whiexchangesfortheimportsubstitutionsectorstoimporttechnologies,,thecoregoalofChina"earningforeignexchangesthroughexport",China,thegovernmentadopteddiversemeasurestoencourageexport-orientedprojects,suchasestablishingspecialeconomiczones,improvinginfrastructure,offeringpreferentialta,itsetperformancerequirementsfortheforeign-investedprojects,mainlyconcerninglocalcontents,,itcuttheincometaxbyhalffortheexport-orientedenterprises(whoseexportexceeded70%ofitsoutputvalue).OneoensiveindustriesinJapanandotherEastAsianemergenteconomieswerelooki"massimportsandmassexports".TheymustimporttheirrawmaterialsandsparepainvestedprojectsbecameakeyfactorforwhetherChinacouldseizetheoppor,Chinasimportsubstitutionsectorsst,hightariffsandothertradebarriersobstrueensurethelow-costoperationsinChinaoftheexport-orientedforeign-investedprojectsTheChinesegovernmentintroducedapolicyonprocessingtrade,whichmeanttherawmaterialsandsparepartsimportedbyenterprisesforexport-orientedprocessingwereexemptfromtheimportdutiesandimporttaxes(theyweremainlytheproducttaxbefore1994andthevalue-addedtaxandconsumptiontaxlateron).ThispolicyeliminatedtheobstructionofChinashightariesticindustries,thedepartmentsinchargeofcustoms,inspectionandquarantinealsoconstantlyimprovedtheirregulations,greatlyfaci,,Chinahasbeenthelargestforeigninvestmentattractoramongthedevelopingcountriesintheworld,withit,,71%,Chinaimposedvar,mostoftheforeigninvestmentsinChina%,ChinacouldnothavebeensosuccesssprocessingtradehasplayedtangiblerolesindevelopingChina,theindustrializationandeconomicdevelopmentofdevelopingcountriesisrestrictedbylowexportcompetitiveness,whichresultedfromlowcomp,Chinahasisesintechnology,management,equipment,marketingchannelsandbrandswiththecountrysadvantagesinlabor,landcostandinfrastructure,ChinaturneditselfrsexportandbecomethemostimportantformofChinasForeignTrade(2007)ByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)。

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